The State Duma unanimously and immediately in the second and third readings adopted the law on introducing the concepts of "mobilization", "martial law" and "wartime" into the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The document was published in the electronic darabase of the lower house of the Russian parliament.
The law also stipulates that voluntary surrender will result in up to 10 years of imprisonment, and up to 15 years for wartime looting. In addition, there are time limits for voluntarily leaving a part and not complying with the superior's order.
According to the authors of the initiative, amendments were made to the part "clarification of responsibility for certain crimes against military service".
In particular, the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation introduced two new articles - "Voluntary surrender" and "Looting". At the same time, a prison term of 3 to 10 years is offered for voluntary surrender, provided that there are no signs of treason, and for looting - up to 15 years of imprisonment.
According to the amendments, the commission of a crime "during the period of mobilization or martial law, wartime or conditions of armed conflict or hostilities" was added to the list of aggravating circumstances.
Punishment for voluntarily leaving a unit during mobilization and martial law and for subordinates not complying with the superior's order is also increased.
In addition, conscripts from the reserve will be criminally liable for non-appearance or desertion on an equal footing with contract and draftees.
The law adopted by the State Duma will be reviewed by the Radfed of the Russian Federation, and then submitted to the Russian president for signature.